• Country:
    Greece, Italy
  • Start year:
  • Location:
    Bosco di Palo Laziale, Italy and Delta of Nestos River National Park, Greece
  • Size (ha):
  • Area Type:
    Greece, Italy
  • Type of protection:
    Natura 2000, RAMSAR
Nestos river in Greece.


  • Habitat types: Pannonian-Balkanic turkey oaks and sessile oak forests, Alluvial forests with Black adder and European ash, Mediterranean temporary ponds, Arborescent matorral with Laurus nobilis.


  • Description: The aim of this project is to improve the conservation status of the Pannonian-Balkanic turkey oaks and sessile oak forests, Alluvial forests, Mediterranean temporary ponds and the species of community interest such as Hermann's tortoise, European pond turtle, Jersey tiger and Ring-necked Pheasant. Conservation and rewilding work is taking place within the following Natura 2000 sites: Wood of Palo Laziale in Italy and Delta of Nestos River in Greece. Innovative solutions, such as a self-sustainable hydraulic system, will be implemented and tested during the project and will be actively transferred to other similar contexts in order to promote and enable the long-term conservation of these habitats situated along the Mediterranean coast.
  • Aim: The specific objectives of the Project are to quantify the exact causes that have led to the current unfavorable conservation status and to define and implement appropriate and innovative actions capable to restore the affected ecosystems. Furthermore the project aims to develop mechanisms that will ensure the continuation of ecosystem conservation and the management actions even after the end of the Project, to present the outcomes of the Project to the scientific community and to relevant institutions in order to scale-up the rewilding, restoration, management and valorisation approach in other similar coastal ecosystems of Italy, Greece and Europe. The project is amongst other supporting the local and regional economy by engaging the local community in its activities and in the further management and touristic use of the sites. To achive this project team is focusing on communication, raising awareness and knowledge about the areas, its habitats and species, through outreach and environmental education initiatives.
  • Vision: LIFE PRIMED vision is to develop innovative environmental engineering solutions, such as a self-sustainable hydraulic system, in response to the impact affecting the two sites (e.g. drought). Once the testing process will be ended, the methodology will be actively transferred to similar European contexts to promote and enable the long-term conservation of similar Mediterranean coastal habitats.
  • Accomplished in 10 years from now: The project will restore the floodplain oak wood, currently highly degraded, double the current surface of temporary ponds, improve the chemical-physical conditions of the soil and the conservation status of the species. living in the wood. In addition, the project will develop a best-practices guide on the Mediterranean coastal forest restoration and management, disseminate the project outputs among the scientific community and relevant institutions, boost the creation of new jobs and new curricula in the field of restoration ecology and increase the environmental awareness of the local community on natural capital’s benefits.
  • Results so far: The project has started in July 2018.
  • Flagship species: Vulture
  • Other characteristics: Community involved, Eco tourism, Education, High-impact communications, Recreational activities, Research, Sale of sustainable products


  • Inspirational value: LIFE PRIMED represents an important opportunity for making and evaluating restoration and management actions able to break the decline of Mediterranean coastal ecosystems caused by a synergy of different stress factors, in particular those related to the climate change. Once the success and effectiveness of the proposed solutions will be demonstrated, the project will provide useful indications for other environmental contexts affected by similar pressures, becoming increasingly frequent across the Mediterranean area.
  • Experience you would like to share: The innovative solutions developed along the project.
  • Experience you would like to gain: Good practices on rewilding and restoration ecology developed across EU.
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