As in so many other areas of Europe, traditional farming based on livestock has become unprofitable and the local communities are looking for new, alternative sources of income. Tourism is already quite well developed in parts of the delta, with several tour operators, a growing capacity and infrastructure located in the regional hub Tulcea, and relatively good standards of accommodation increasingly provided within and on the periphery of the delta. With a very rich history from ancient times to the present day, the delta and its surroundings offer a multitude of historical remains from Roman, Greek, Byzantine and Ottoman periods. The “wilderness” concept has an interesting potential of further profiling the Danube Delta both within Romania and abroad. But there is a need to better involve the local communities and authorities in the process and associated economic opportunities.